Macros

Apart from simple sequencing and looping, rizin allows to write simple macros, using this construction:

[0x00404800]> (qwe; pd 4; ao)

This will define a macro called 'qwe' which runs sequentially first 'pd 4' then 'ao'. Calling the macro using syntax .(macro) is simple:

[0x00404800]> (qwe; pd 4; ao)
[0x00404800]> .(qwe)
0x00404800  mov eax, 0x61e627      ; "tab"
0x00404805  push rbp
0x00404806  sub rax, section_end.LOAD1
0x0040480c  mov rbp, rsp

address: 0x404800
opcode: mov eax, 0x61e627
prefix: 0
bytes: b827e66100
ptr: 0x0061e627
refptr: 0
size: 5
type: mov
esil: 6415911,rax,=
stack: null
family: cpu
[0x00404800]>

To list available macros simply call (*:

[0x00404800]> (*
(qwe ; pd 4; ao)

And if want to remove some macro, just add '-' before the name:

[0x00404800]> (-qwe)
Macro 'qwe' removed.
[0x00404800]>

Moreover, it's possible to create a macro that takes arguments, which comes in handy in some simple scripting situations. To create a macro that takes arguments you simply add them to macro definition.

[0x00404800]
[0x004047d0]> (foo x y; pd $0; sd +$1)
[0x004047d0]> .(foo 5 6)
;-- entry0:
0x004047d0      xor ebp, ebp
0x004047d2      mov r9, rdx
0x004047d5      pop rsi
0x004047d6	mov rdx, rsp
0x004047d9	and rsp, 0xfffffffffffffff0
[0x004047d6]>

As you can see, the arguments are named by index, starting from 0: $0, $1, ...

Aliases

rizin also offers aliases which might help you save time by quickly executing your most used commands. They are under $?

The general usage of the feature is: $alias=cmd

[0x00404800]> $disas=pdf

The above command will create an alias disas for pdf. The following command prints the disassembly of the main function.

[0x00404800]> $disas @ main

Apart from commands, you can also alias a text to be printed, when called.

[0x00404800]> $my_alias=$test input
[0x00404800]> $my_alias
test input

To undefine alias, use $alias=:

[0x00404800]> $pmore='b 300;px'
[0x00404800]> $
$pmore
[0x00404800]> $pmore=
[0x00404800]> $

A single $ in the above will list all defined aliases. It's also possible check the aliased command of an alias:

[0x00404800]> $pmore?
b 200; px

Can we create an alias contains alias ? The answer is yes:

[0x00404800]> $pStart='s 0x0;$pmore'
[0x00404800]> $pStart
- offset -   0 1  2 3  4 5  6 7  8 9  A B  C D  E F  0123456789ABCDEF
0x00000000  7f45 4c46 0201 0100 0000 0000 0000 0000  .ELF............
0x00000010  0300 3e00 0100 0000 1014 0000 0000 0000  ..>.............
0x00000020  4000 0000 0000 0000 5031 0000 0000 0000  @.......P1......
0x00000030  0000 0000 4000 3800 0d00 4000 1e00 1d00  ....@.8...@.....
0x00000040  0600 0000 0400 0000 4000 0000 0000 0000  ........@.......
0x00000050  4000 0000 0000 0000 4000 0000 0000 0000  @.......@.......
0x00000060  d802 0000 0000 0000 d802 0000 0000 0000  ................
0x00000070  0800 0000 0000 0000 0300 0000 0400 0000  ................
0x00000080  1803 0000 0000 0000 1803 0000 0000 0000  ................
0x00000090  1803 0000 0000 0000 1c00 0000 0000 0000  ................
0x000000a0  1c00 0000 0000 0000 0100 0000 0000 0000  ................
0x000000b0  0100 0000 0400 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000  ................
0x000000c0  0000 0000 0000 0000                      ........
[0x00000000]>